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Short Biography of Queen Elizabeth I

Queen Elizabeth Ist

"Queen Elizabeth Ist"

Interesting Facts and Information about Queen Elizabeth I and Short Biography of Queen Elizabeth I

Some interesting facts and information about Short Biography of Queen Elizabeth I

Short Biography of Queen Elizabeth I
Interesting Facts and information about Short Biography of Queen Elizabeth I

  • Elizabeth I was born 7 September 1533 at Greenwich Palace. She was the daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

  • Her mother, Anne Boleyn, was accused of adultery and incest (with her brother George Boleyn) and was beheaded at the Tower of London when Elizabeth was only three years old
  • Her brother became King Edward VI, who died when he was fifteen years old and her sister was the staunch Catholic Queen Mary I, otherwise known as Bloody Mary
  • Princess Elizabeth lived with her stepmother Katharine Parr and her husband Thomas Seymour - but she was sent away in disgrace when she was 14 years old, amid rumours that she was having an affair with Seymour
  • Her governess was Kat Ashley who played an important role in the life of Elizabeth as a friend and confidante
  • Elizabeth was highly intelligent and extremely well educated. Her most famous tutor was Roger Ascham.  By the age of 11 Elizabeth was able to speak fluently in several languages including French, Greek, Latin, Spanish and Welsh
  • Her half sister disliked Elizabeth intensely and accused her of treason. Elizabeth was imprisoned in the Tower of London on March 18, 1554 accused of being involved in the Wyatt rebellion. On Saturday 19 May 1554 Elizabeth was released from the Tower of London, but continued to be held under house arrest at Woodstock for some time.
  • Hatfield House was the main residence of Princess Elizabeth but her household often moved around to other locations such as Hunsdon, Enfield Palace, Westminster Palace, Whitehall, Richmond Place, Hampton Court and Windsor Castle.
  • Queen Mary I died on November 17, 1558 and Elizabeth was proclaimed Queen of England. She established Protestantism as the country's religion

  • She appointed clever men, notably William Cecil, and her court favorites to the Privy Council.
  • She 'adored being adored' and was linked to several of her favourites including Robert Dudley. Her relationship with Dudley cooled when his wife, Amy Robsart died in mysterious circumstances
  • Despite great pressure from her councillors she refused to marry and became known as the 'Virgin Queen'
  • In 1562 Queen Elizabeth almost died of Smallpox and was left with scars on her face - these were covered with the heavy white make-up which was fashionable at the time
  • She survived various Catholic plots and conspiracies such as the Babbington plot involving Mary Queen of Scots. She never met her cousin and rival, Mary Queen of Scots, although she was imprisoned in England for many years. Elizabeth was distraught when Mary Queen of Scots was eventually beheaded
  • Her reign witnessed the emergence of great poets and playwrights emerged during her era such as William Shakespeare, Edmund Spenser, Christopher Marlowe and Sir Walter Raleigh
  • She also encouraged explorers such as Sir Francis Drake, Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir John Hawkins, Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Richard Greenville
  • A major accomplishment during her reign was the defeat of the Spanish Armada of 132 Spanish warships by the English fleet of  34 ships and 163 armed merchant vessels under Lord Howard of Effingham, Sir Francis Drake, and Sir John Hawkins
  • The reign of Queen Elizabeth saw several rebellions - from the Irish, “The Rising of the North” and the Essex rebellion - all of which she defeated
  • Queen Elizabeth reigned for 45 years from 1558 - 1603
  • Queen Elizabeth I died on 24 March 1603 (of blood poisoning) - she was nearly 70 years old
The Accomplishments of Queen Elizabeth I
Interesting facts about Queen Elizabeth I
Timeline of Queen Elizabeth I
The Family of Queen Elizabeth I
The Childhood of Princess Elizabeth I
The Education of Queen Elizabeth I
Death of Queen Elizabeth I
Teenage Scandal of Princess Elizabeth
Elizabeth and Robert Dudley
Queen Elizabeth I
Elizabethan Era Index

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