The two major religions in Elizabethan England were
the Catholic and Protestant religions. The convictions and beliefs in
these different religions were so strong that they led to the executions
of many adherents to both of these Elizabethan religions.
England in the 1500's. The Great Reformation. New
Ideas. New Beliefs. New Religions.
Reigning Monarchs dictated
the 'favoured' religion.
Schools taught the official
religion decreed by the reigning Queen or King
Failure to adhere to the
'favoured' religion could often lead to great danger - Imprisonment.
Adhering to the 'wrong'
religion brought risks to personal wealth, freedom and life
Queen Mary I (r.1553-1558),
Elizabeth's sister, believed passionately in the Catholic religion and
persecuted Protestants who were burned alive for their beliefs ( hence
her nickname Bloody Mary )
- Queen Elizabeth I
(r.1558-1603) succeeded her sister Queen Mary and adhered to the
Protestant religion and restored Protestantism as the official religion.
She did, however, firmly believe that people should be allowed to
practice the Catholic religion without fear of recrimination so long as
it presented no threat to peace in the realm and her rule over England
There were, however, many
Catholic plots against Queen Elizabeth I - many Catholics wanted to
replace Elizabeth with her cousin Mary Queen of Scots. These plots
eventually led to the execution of Mary Queen of Scots
PROTESTANT VERSUS CATHOLIC
- In the early 1500's the
people of England all practised the Roman Catholic religion. The
practises of the Catholic religion were questioned during the
Reformation and the beliefs of men such as the German Martin Luther
(1483 - 1546) prompted a new religion called Protestantism...
- The term 'Protestant' was
adopted when supporters of Martin Luther formally protested against
efforts to limit the spread of Luther's new ideas
- So what were the differences
between the Catholic and Protestant religion and beliefs in Elizabethan
ELIZABETHAN CHURCH SERVICES &
- Elizabethan Catholics
believed that Church Services and the Bible should be in Latin, as it
had been for 1000 years
- Elizabethan Protestants believed that Church Services and the
Bible should be in the language of the people so that the ordinary
people could understand them
- Elizabethan Catholics firmly
believed that Priests were the link between God and the people and that
the Pope was ordained by God.
- Catholic Priests were viewed
as special and expected to devote their lives to God and remain
unmarried and wear elaborate robes
- Elizabethan Protestants believed that people could find God
without a priest or a Pope and that Ministers were ordinary people who
should lead normal lives and wear ordinary robes
- Elizabethan Catholics
believed that Priests and the Pope were able to forgive sins - at a
price. Gifts, or indulgences, were given to the church
- Elizabethan Protestants
believed that only God could forgive sins
- Catholics believed that
Churches celebrate God and elaborately decorated with statues and
- Protestants believed that
Churches should be plain allowing the people to concentrate on the
RELIGION IN ELIZABETHAN
The above explanations detail the differences
between the Catholic and Protestant religions providing a greater insight
into the major religions in Elizabethan England.
Queen Elizabeth I -
Jews and Catholics