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Francisco Pizarro

Picture of Francisco Pizarro

Francisco Pizarro

Short Biography of the life of Francisco Pizarro - Explorer and Conquistador
The following biography information provides basic facts about the life Francisco Pizarro:

  • Nationality - Spanish
  • Lifespan - 1478 - 1541

  • Family - Illegitimate son of Gonzalo Pizarro and Francisca Gonzalez
  • Education - Illiterate
  • Career - Explorer and Conquistador
  • Famous for : Conquering the Incas of Peru. Founding Lima, Peru

Facts, Timeline & History about the life of Francisco Pizarro - Explorer and Conquistador
The following are additional timeline facts about the life and history of Francisco Pizarro:

  • 1471: Born in Trujillo, Estremadura, Spain
  • 1509: 10 November, Pizarro set sail from Spain with Alonzo de Ojeda where Ojeda
    founded the city of San Sebastian
  • 1513: Pizarro joined the expedition ofNunez de Balboa across the Isthmus of Panama
    to discover the Pacific Ocean (29 September, 1513)
  • 1515: Trades with the natives along the Pacific coast
  • 1520: Joins Espinosa on his expedition into the present Republic of Costa Rica
  • 1522: Pizarro receives funding to make his own expedition and explore the land south of Panama
  • 1522: Pizarro only reaches the coast of Colombia but finds a small quantity of gold
  • 1528: Pizarro received the backing of Spanish investors to make further explorations into South America and search for treasure. He received two ships for the voyage
  • 1529: Pizarro explored the South of Columbia as far as Equador reaching Peru
  • 1529: Pizarro returned to the court of Spain to give an account of his expeditions
  • 1529: Emperor Charles of Spain granted Pizarro permission to make further expeditions. He was given the title Governor and Captain General which carried absolute authority in all the territories he might discover
  • 1530, January 18 he sailed from Seville in Spain to Panama
  • 1531, January he sailed from the port of Panama with 3 ships and over 200 men, including Hernando De Soto
  • 1532: Pizarro landed at San Mateo Bay and started to explore the land
  • 1532,15 November: Pizarro reaches Cajamarca and captures Atahuallpa, the emperor of the Incas. Thousands of Incas were killed
  • 1533: Atahuallpa offers a massive ransom for his release. The Inca Emperor offered his captives enough gold to fill the 22 foot room, as high as he could reach, in which he was held captive
  • 1534: The treasure ransom was collected. Pizarro and the Spanish took the treasure and then had the last of the Incan Emperors strangled
  • 1535 6 January: Pizarro founded Lima, Peru which he called Ciudad de los Reyes meaning 'City of the Kings'
  • 1535: Francisco Pizarro destroyed the Incan capital of Cusco
  • Pizarro built a palace in Lima. He became extremely arrogant and unpopular with his fellow Spanish
  • 1541: Pizarro was assassinated by followers of Pedro de Almagro (Cortes' captain) who wanted to seize Lima for its wealth
  • 1541: Francisco Pizarro died at Lima, Peru, 26 June, 1541
The Age of Exploration
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